This book focuses on three representative calligraphers, Shen Zengzhi, Wang Quchang, and Zhu Fukan, who lived during the period from the late Qing dynasty to the end of the 1980s. The book offers a glimpse into the social life of calligraphers in the late Qing Dynasty and analyzes their poems, essays, and calligraphy. Works by Wang and Zhu were greatly influenced by Shen. Living mainly in Shanghai, the three calligraphers had a profound impact on the Shanghai school of calligraphy. The book contains a selection of 160 annotated calligraphic works by the three calligraphers, their critic reviews on calligraphic works, their calligraphic theories, and a chronological timeline of them. It chronologize the evolution of Chinese calligraphy from the late Qing dynasty to modern times.